Home Online Education ‘Illumine’: The Power of an Online Classroom Format
‘Illumine’: The Power of an Online Classroom Format

‘Illumine’: The Power of an Online Classroom Format


Guest Post by Dr. Jackie Fowler
Faculty Director and Associate Professor, School of Arts and Humanities, American Public University System

Dr. Jackie Fowler is the English Program Director for our School of Arts and Humanities at APUS. She is writing today’s guest blog article about teaching English in the online classroom. Her thoughts are helpful during this pandemic season when many faculty and students will need to go online to finish the spring semester on time.

One of my favorite memories of graduate school was from the morning we discussed John Milton’s epic poem Paradise Lost. Nerdy, I know. Thirty years later, I still remember the more than hour-long conversation we had about the title. The title! The professor asked us why we thought Milton chose to put the adjective after the noun instead of before it.

After all, Lost Paradise is more in line with the dictates of the English language. As a kid from the mountains of northeastern Pennsylvania, I would never have noticed it, but the conversation that ensued from her query was exhilarating!

While a reflection on a specific work’s title may not be everyone’s cup of tea, I can point to that singular moment as the reason why I changed from pre-law to English. After graduating with a degree in English Education, I began teaching iconic works of literature to high schoolers: To Kill a Mockingbird, Night, and Romeo and Juliet, among others.

Later, when I finished my doctorate, I moved to the university level to teach literature and writing. No matter the level or format, however, we—the students and I—analyzed and reframed the works through conversation.

The Advantages of Teaching in an Online Classroom

When I moved to an online classroom for the first time in 2004, I wondered how I would replicate the interactivity between and among the participants in the new teaching and learning environment. The online classroom is a different methodological beast, to be sure.

Yet I have found that what I love about the traditional ground classroom can be comfortably adapted to the online one. It takes work, of course. But teaching English online can be equally inspiring. More importantly, the online classroom actually enhances interaction.

An online classroom is flatter; in other words, neither the professor nor the bolder, less risk-adverse students control the ebb and flow of the conversations. Shy and reticent students can find their place because they are encouraged to participate, and they are held accountable for their participation.

In an online class, all students—shy or bold—have the opportunity to think, write, and revise before participating. This format makes the online classroom feel safer.

Discussion Boards in the Online Classroom

Discussion boards introduce students to the basics of online conversations. With well-written, thoughtful questions—especially in threaded forums—students get the chance to flex their discussion muscles.

The ability to journal and/or blog is another way English instructors are able to integrate conversation into the online classroom, and posting student entries for peer and professor critique is a great way to teach writing. If the discussion boards, journals, and blogs are set up to work together as a whole—not as separate entities—they are not only tools to teach analysis and interpretation, but they also act as the prewriting stage for assignments.

In his article, Teaching English Literature Survey as a Writing Course—Online, Mississippi State University instructor Rich Raymond suggests that “journaling and discussion boarding help students to develop their analytical skills and to find motivation for such analysis in having discovered the relevance of the reading to their own lives.” Teaching English online, then, gives our students the opportunity to filter the content of the course through their own lenses; asking them to write about it gives the whole class the opportunity to expand their personal viewpoints by learning from others in a dynamic way. Students also practice articulating their expanded ideas in writing and using argumentation and persuasion to change minds.

When I think back on that conversation about John Milton’s Paradise Lost, I am reminded of the power of a classroom discussion to sort through new and challenging material and to teach emerging scholars how to ruminate on rather than rush through new ideas. In an online classroom, our conversations become permanent through writing. Students have a chance to look back on what was said and to see how their thoughts have changed or grown throughout the course.

In other words, students are able to trace their own trajectories as learners in an online classroom. “What is dark within me, illumine,” John Milton wrote in Paradise Lost. As an online English professor, it is this Milton quote that hangs above my computer, my connection to discussions.

Wally Boston Dr. Wallace E. Boston was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of American Public University System (APUS) and its parent company, American Public Education, Inc. (APEI) in July 2004. He joined APUS as its Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in 2002. In September 2019, Dr. Boston retired as CEO of APEI and retired as APUS President in August 2020. Dr. Boston guided APUS through its successful initial accreditation with the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association in 2006 and ten-year reaccreditation in 2011. In November 2007, he led APEI to an initial public offering on the NASDAQ Exchange. For four years from 2009 through 2012, APEI was ranked in Forbes' Top 10 list of America's Best Small Public Companies. During his tenure as president, APUS grew to over 85,000 students, 200 degree and certificate programs, and approximately 100,000 alumni. While serving as APEI CEO and APUS President, Dr. Boston was a board member of APEI, APUS, Hondros College of Nursing, and Fidelis, Inc. Dr. Boston continues to serve as a member of the Board of Advisors of the National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment (NILOA) and as a member and chair of the board of New Horizons Worldwide. He has authored and co-authored papers on the topic of online post-secondary student retention, and is a frequent speaker on the impact of technology on higher education. Dr. Boston is a past Treasurer of the Board of Trustees of the McDonogh School, a private K-12 school in Baltimore. In his career prior to APEI and APUS, Dr. Boston served as either CFO, COO, or CEO of Meridian Healthcare, Manor Healthcare, Neighborcare Pharmacies, and Sun Healthcare Group. Dr. Boston is a Certified Public Accountant, Certified Management Accountant, and Chartered Global Management Accountant. He earned an A.B. degree in History from Duke University, an MBA in Marketing and Accounting from Tulane University’s Freeman School of Business Administration, and a Doctorate in Higher Education Management from the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education. In 2008, the Board of Trustees of APUS awarded him a Doctorate in Business Administration, honoris causa, and, in April 2017, also bestowed him with the title President Emeritus. In August 2020, the Board of Trustees of APUS appointed him Trustee Emeritus. In November 2020, the Board of Trustees announced that the APUS School of Business would be renamed the Dr. Wallace E Boston School of Business in recognition of Dr. Boston's service to the university. Dr. Boston lives with his family in Austin, Texas.


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