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Davidson College and The New College Crisis Initiative

Davidson College and The New College Crisis Initiative


Over the past few weeks, I’ve been following The Chronicle of Higher Education’s list of schools that have made announcements about their reopening in the fall of 2020. In today’s Chronicle, they wrote that they are combining forces with Davidson College’s College Crisis Initiative (C2i).

According to the Chronicle, Davidson seeks to collect information on all colleges (except for-profits) and has assembled a team of faculty and staff researchers, students, and recent graduates to collect the data for the site. Their purpose in creating the site is to collect data on higher education institutions’ responses to crisis situations.

Funded by a grant from the ECMC Foundation, C2i has a COVID-19 data dashboard that is live and ready for use by the public and other researchers. The dashboard includes Fall 2020 reopening plans that are classified into the following categories:

  • Fully in person
  • Primarily in person, some courses just online
  • Fully online, no students on campus
  • Fully online with at least some students on campus
  • Primarily online, some courses just in person
  • Hyflex teaching – professors are allowed to decide how to teach their course on a rolling basis
  • Simultaneous teaching – professors required to teach online and in person, at the same time
  • Professor’s choice
  • TBD – no announcement has been made as yet about fall 2020 instruction
  • No COVID-19 mentions on websites
  • Some variety of methods with no specific plan
  • Closed – the institution has shut its doors
  • Already an online institution
  • Other – a mode of instruction that doesn’t match the above list

Of the 14 categories created by the C2i team, the Chronicle further consolidated them into eight categories, which are:

  • Other
  • Hybrid
  • Fully in person
  • Fully online, no students on campus
  • Fully online, at least some students allowed on campus
  • Primarily online, some courses in person
  • Primarily in person, some courses online
  • TBD

I visited the C2i website and noted that the data is current as of July 24, 2020 (I think that it may be updated once a week). It presents the institutions tracked on a map of the United States. In order to find an institution on the C2i site, you have to enlarge the map and scroll over a dot to find an institution. (Note: The Chronicle added the C2i to their site but added a search for an institution feature that immediately pops up info on that institution with a bubble leading to its location.)

It would be a very nice addition to either site if the blocks providing the count of institutions in a category would click to a list of those institutions. According to the site, there are 121 institutions that are fully online, 694 that are primarily online, 480 that are hybrid, 631 that are primarily in person, 74 that are fully in person, 807 that are TBD, and 156 that are other.

At the Chronicle, they have gained access to the C2i website and constructed some more useful illustrations of the data using the DataWrapper tool. The Chronicle provides a list of institutions along with the plan category, fall enrollment, known cases of COVID in the county, and a graphical representation of the spike rate in cases.

I like the Chronicle’s display of the data collected by C2i and hope that somehow the C2i site adds these options as well. However, I am disappointed that the C2i initiative states an objective to collect all college information but has opted not to include for-profit institutions, which educate more than a million students.

There are for-profit institutions that are primarily campus-based and for them, this information would be useful. There are also large populations of online students at some for-profit institutions.

One interesting disparity that occurs because of this choice is that APUS with its 83,000+ online- only students is not listed. At the same time, a small institution located in the same town as APUS in West Virginia, Catholic Distance University, is listed along with its online-only student population of 208.

Including every institution that reports to the Department of Education would be more useful, particularly if you plan to use the data to determine how “all” institutions respond to a crisis. In my recent review of Scott Galloway’s risk profile based on a Vulnerability Score and a Value to Cost Ratio, I noted how including all colleges would provide a much more reasonable assessment than limiting it to the 432 rated by U.S. News.

For the consideration of future metrics to be included, I think it would be interesting to add the Endowment/Student metric for private institutions and a state funding/student metric for public institutions to this data set. An additional metric for each institution that could be useful in determining why they made the decision to close or remain open could be the percentage of students that they accept, with the premise being that a school with a high acceptance rate is more dependent on tuition dollars and more likely to try to return to campus than go online and lose students.

I applaud Davidson College for the C2i initiative and look forward to seeing the site improve along with data collected and illustrated by its other research partners, including the Chronicle. As a friend of mine said recently, “During the pandemic, all of us are prime sources.”

Higher education is going through a period of disruption. Those institutions that will survive will adjust to provide the best outcomes for their students. Reviewing data collected from C2i, the Chronicle, and others may provide observers and survivors with a roadmap to our prime sources.

Wally Boston Dr. Wallace E. Boston was appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of American Public University System (APUS) and its parent company, American Public Education, Inc. (APEI) in July 2004. He joined APUS as its Executive Vice President in 2002. In September 2019, Dr. Boston retired as CEO of APEI and retired as APUS President in August 2020. Dr. Boston guided APUS through its successful initial accreditation with the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association in 2006 and ten-year reaccreditation in 2011. In November 2007, he led APEI to an initial public offering on the NASDAQ Exchange. For four years from 2009 through 2012, APEI was ranked in Forbes' Top 10 list of America's Best Small Public Companies. During his tenure as president, APUS grew to over 85,000 students, 200 degree and certificate programs, and approximately 100,000 alumni. While serving as APEI CEO and APUS President, Dr. Boston was a board member of APEI, APUS, Hondros College of Nursing, and Fidelis, Inc. Dr. Boston was appointed to the National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity by the U.S. Secretary of Education in 2019. He also serves as a member of the Board of Advisors of the National Institute for Learning Outcomes Assessment (NILOA), as a Trustee of The American College of Financial Services, as a member of the board of Our Community Salutes - USA, and as a member and chair of the board of New Horizons Worldwide. He has authored and co-authored papers on the topic of online post-secondary student retention, and is a frequent speaker on the impact of technology on higher education. Dr. Boston is a past Treasurer of the Board of Trustees of the McDonogh School, a private K-12 school in Baltimore. In his career prior to APEI and APUS, Dr. Boston served as either CFO, COO, or CEO of Meridian Healthcare, Manor Healthcare, Neighborcare Pharmacies, and Sun Healthcare Group. Dr. Boston is a Certified Public Accountant, Certified Management Accountant, and Chartered Global Management Accountant. He earned an A.B. degree in History from Duke University, an MBA in Marketing and Accounting from Tulane University’s Freeman School of Business Administration, and a Doctorate in Higher Education Management from the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education. In 2008, the Board of Trustees of APUS awarded him a Doctorate in Business Administration, honoris causa, and, in April 2017, also bestowed him with the title President Emeritus. In August 2020, the Board of Trustees of APUS appointed him Trustee Emeritus. In November 2020, the Board of Trustees announced that the APUS School of Business would be renamed the Dr. Wallace E Boston School of Business in recognition of Dr. Boston's service to the university. Dr. Boston lives with his family in Austin, Texas.


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